A few days ago, Admin had written an article about clove commodities here. It was very interesting when Admin tried to know more about one of Lampung’s plantation commodities, especially when looking for information on how to cultivate cloves. Apparently not so much available in cyberspace. Furthermore, the Admin found the writing of clove cultivation in English, and its source from India.
From there, the Admin starts thinking “we should have it”, and why NOT ?. here we go …
Let’s … we start, from the history first.
Cloves (Syzygium aromaticum) are ancient spice plants that have been known and used thousands of years BC. Cloves are native to Indonesia, originating from ‘Four Mount Maluku Islands’ (Maloko Kie Raha) which consists of Ternate, Tidore, Moti, and Makian. Suprising !! It turns out that Indonesia is a country of origin for clove commodities. Historically, clove cultivation outside the Moluccas began in 1798 when the British occupied Bengkulu and began planting cloves there. Cloves also began to develop in Sulawesi in 1870. While planting in Africa was carried out by the French people who smuggled clove seeds from Maluku to Mauritius, then planted them in Zanzibar in 1818. Only in 1932, the Dutch Indies Government planted cloves from Zanzibar in Bogor, Bengkulu, Bukit Tinggi, and Loha (Ambon).
The clove plant is a tropical plantation with the family Myrtaceae, therefore Indonesia is the largest clove producing country in the world.
In Indonesia there are many kinds of cloves found and between one and the other are difficult to distinguish, including Ambon Clove, Clove Raja, Clove Indari, Clove Dokiri, Clove Afo, and Clove Tauro. In addition, the crossing of various types of cloves forms a new type that is difficult to classify. To make it easier, it can be said that the clove commodity in Indonesia can be classified into four, namely White Clove, Si Kotok Clove, Zanzibar Clove, and Ambon Clove.
Let’s finished here … Admin will continue to Part 2, because there is still a lot to be written. Starting from the conditions for growing clove plants, nurseries, maintenance, pests and diseases, and others. With that way you will know more about this commodity.